A company limited by guarantee: Commonly used where companies are formed for noncommercial purposes, such as clubs or charities. The members guarantee the payment of certain (usually nominal) amounts if the company goes into insolvent liquidation, but otherwise, they have no economic rights in relation to the company. This type of company is common in England. A company limited by guarantee may be with or without having share capital.
Accounting is the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities[15][16] such as businesses and corporations. The modern field was established by the Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in 1494.[17] Accounting, which has been called the "language of business",[18] measures the results of an organization's economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators.[19] Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants. The terms "accounting" and "financial reporting" are often used as synonyms.

A company limited by guarantee: Commonly used where companies are formed for noncommercial purposes, such as clubs or charities. The members guarantee the payment of certain (usually nominal) amounts if the company goes into insolvent liquidation, but otherwise, they have no economic rights in relation to the company. This type of company is common in England. A company limited by guarantee may be with or without having share capital.
If you work while receiving regular benefits and have served your waiting period, you will be able to keep 50 cents of your EI benefits for every dollar you earn, up to 90 percent of the weekly insurable earnings used to calculate your EI benefit amount. This 90 percent amount is called the earnings threshold. If you earn any money above this threshold, we will deduct it dollar for dollar from your benefits.
→ فَائِدَة, يَسْتَفِيدُ prospět, užitek nyde godt af, udbytte nützen, Vorteil όφελος, ωφελώ beneficiar, beneficio hyöty, hyötyä avantage, bénéficier imati koristi, korist beneficiare, beneficio 利益, 利益を得る 이익, 이익이 되다 profiteren, voordeel fordel, gagne korzyść, przynieść korzyść beneficiar, benefício выгода, приносить пользу förmån, gagna ผลประโยชน์, มีประโยชน์ต่อ yarar, yarar sağlamak được lợi, lợi ích 利益, 有益于

Generally, corporations are required to pay tax just like "real" people. In some tax systems, this can give rise to so-called double taxation, because first the corporation pays tax on the profit, and then when the corporation distributes its profits to its owners, individuals have to include dividends in their income when they complete their personal tax returns, at which point a second layer of income tax is imposed.


TNG Ltd has hit a major milestone at its Mount Peake vanadium-titanium-iron project in the Northern Territory with the grant of four mineral leases over the development. This adds to the recent signing of the Native Title Agreements and binding term sheet for titanium offtake, providing the company with the security of tenure it needs to seek project financing.

TNG Ltd has hit a major milestone at its Mount Peake vanadium-titanium-iron project in the Northern Territory with the grant of four mineral leases over the development. This adds to the recent signing of the Native Title Agreements and binding term sheet for titanium offtake, providing the company with the security of tenure it needs to seek project financing.
Corporation: The owners of a corporation have limited liability and the business has a separate legal personality from its owners. Corporations can be either government-owned or privately owned. They can organize either for profit or as nonprofit organizations. A privately owned, for-profit corporation is owned by its shareholders, who elect a board of directors to direct the corporation and hire its managerial staff. A privately owned, for-profit corporation can be either privately held by a small group of individuals, or publicly held, with publicly traded shares listed on a stock exchange.
Owners may manage their businesses themselves, or employ managers to do so for them. Whether they are owners or employees, managers administer three primary components of the business' value: financial resources, capital (tangible resources), and human resources. These resources are administered in at least six functional areas: legal contracting, manufacturing or service production, marketing, accounting, financing, and human resources.[citation needed]

The proliferation and increasing complexity of the laws governing business have forced increasing specialization in corporate law. It is not unheard of for certain kinds of corporate transactions to require a team of five to ten attorneys due to sprawling regulation. Commercial law spans general corporate law, employment and labor law, health-care law, securities law, mergers and acquisitions, tax law, employee benefit plans, food and drug regulation, intellectual property law on copyrights, patents, trademarks, telecommunications law, and financing.
A short note to express my thanks to you and your organisation upon the successful completion of the sale of my business. You may not have been aware of it but before you listed the business was listed with another broker who although introduced 3 prospective buyers was unable to close the sale. It therefore came as some surprise to me that you’re able to sell the business to the first prospective buyer whom you introduced. It was as though they had all but decided to buy my business before they had actually inspected it!.
As you are aware, my brother-in-law and I are looking to purchase a business, whether it be a franchise or a freehold enterprise we would like to confirm in writing my request for you to approach the appropriate organisations as you see fit. All enquiries made on our behalf and any details provided you will of course remain strictly confidential and exclusive.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your efforts in selling my business. Selling a business requires a large degree of Skill and Trust especially in a Challenging Market Place. Due to your high-quality Product, Service and Tenacious efforts you not only found the right buyer, but you also made the whole process easy. Achieving a good price and smooth transition, freeing me up to capitalise on the next opportunity. Thanks again Paul for finding the Ideal buyer and being a man of your word. I will be recommending your services to anyone looking for a Smooth and hassle-free business sale.
Cooperative: Often referred to as a "co-op", a cooperative is a limited-liability business that can organize as for-profit or not-for-profit. A cooperative differs from a corporation in that it has members, not shareholders, and they share decision-making authority. Cooperatives are typically classified as either consumer cooperatives or worker cooperatives. Cooperatives are fundamental to the ideology of economic democracy.
(= advantage) → Vorteil m; (= profit) → Nutzen m, → Gewinn m; to derive or get benefit from something → aus etw Nutzen ziehen; for the benefit of his family/the poor → zum Wohl or für das Wohl seiner Familie/der Armen; for the benefit of your health → Ihrer Gesundheit zuliebe, um Ihrer Gesundheit willen; for your benefit → Ihretwegen, um Ihretwillen (geh); this money is for the benefit of the blind → dieses Geld kommt den Blinden zugute; it is for his benefit that this was done → das ist seinetwegen geschehen; to give somebody the benefit of the doubt → im Zweifelsfall zu jds Gunsten entscheiden; we should give him the benefit of the doubt → wir sollten das zu seinen Gunsten auslegen
vi → profitieren (from, by von); (from experience also) → Nutzen ziehen (from aus); who will benefit from that? → wem wird das nützen?; but how do we benefit? → aber was nützt das uns?; he would benefit from a week off → eine Woche Urlaub würde ihm guttun; I think you’ll benefit from the experience → ich glaube, diese Erfahrung wird Ihnen nützlich sein or von Nutzen sein; a cure from which many have benefited → eine Behandlung, die schon manchem geholfen hat
Corporation: The owners of a corporation have limited liability and the business has a separate legal personality from its owners. Corporations can be either government-owned or privately owned. They can organize either for profit or as nonprofit organizations. A privately owned, for-profit corporation is owned by its shareholders, who elect a board of directors to direct the corporation and hire its managerial staff. A privately owned, for-profit corporation can be either privately held by a small group of individuals, or publicly held, with publicly traded shares listed on a stock exchange.
Limited liability companies (LLC), limited liability partnerships, and other specific types of business organization protect their owners or shareholders from business failure by doing business under a separate legal entity with certain legal protections. In contrast, unincorporated businesses or persons working on their own are usually not as protected.[7][8]
The results we have achieved with performance business sales are pleasing both in terms of sales results achieved, the quality of applicant/buyer, the professionalism shown in the sales process, together with its representation of our franchise system. It is a key requirement that our brand values are protected and represented to the highest possible standard, and I am pleased to say that performance business sales have achieve these objectives.
A very detailed and well-established body of rules that evolved over a very long period of time applies to commercial transactions. The need to regulate trade and commerce and resolve business disputes helped shape the creation of law and courts. The Code of Hammurabi dates back to about 1772 BC for example, and contains provisions that relate, among other matters, to shipping costs and dealings between merchants and brokers.[27] The word "corporation" derives from the Latin corpus, meaning body, and the Maurya Empire in Iron-Age India accorded legal rights to business entities.[28]
A trade union (or labor union) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labor contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment".[29] This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing, and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies.
Safety is a key business concept that is defined by Merriam-Webster as “the condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss”.[21] Injuries cost businesses billions of dollars annually.[22] Studies have shown how company acceptance and implementation of comprehensive safety and health management systems reduces incidents, insurance costs and workers’ compensation claims.[23] New technologies, like wearable safety devices[24] and available online safety training, continue to be developed to encourage employers to invest in protection beyond the "canary in the coalmine" and reduce the cost to businesses of protecting their employees.

The term is also often used colloquially (but not by lawyers or by public officials) to refer to a company. A company, on the other hand, is a separate legal entity and provides for limited liability, as well as corporate tax rates. A company structure is more complicated and expensive to set up, but offers more protection and benefits for the owner.


Generally, corporations are required to pay tax just like "real" people. In some tax systems, this can give rise to so-called double taxation, because first the corporation pays tax on the profit, and then when the corporation distributes its profits to its owners, individuals have to include dividends in their income when they complete their personal tax returns, at which point a second layer of income tax is imposed.


Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (such as goods and services).[1][2][need quotation to verify][3][4] Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit. It does not mean it is a company, a corporation, partnership, or have any such formal organization, but it can range from a street peddler to General Motors."[5]
Limited liability companies (LLC), limited liability partnerships, and other specific types of business organization protect their owners or shareholders from business failure by doing business under a separate legal entity with certain legal protections. In contrast, unincorporated businesses or persons working on their own are usually not as protected.[7][8]
As you are aware, my brother-in-law and I are looking to purchase a business, whether it be a franchise or a freehold enterprise we would like to confirm in writing my request for you to approach the appropriate organisations as you see fit. All enquiries made on our behalf and any details provided you will of course remain strictly confidential and exclusive.

Corporation: The owners of a corporation have limited liability and the business has a separate legal personality from its owners. Corporations can be either government-owned or privately owned. They can organize either for profit or as nonprofit organizations. A privately owned, for-profit corporation is owned by its shareholders, who elect a board of directors to direct the corporation and hire its managerial staff. A privately owned, for-profit corporation can be either privately held by a small group of individuals, or publicly held, with publicly traded shares listed on a stock exchange.
From our initial contact, when you patiently explained the detai1s and benefits of your Business Search Programme, right through until settlement, the service has always been professional and prompt. As I am sure you will remember, even at times when I was pushing for you to take action regarding negotiations while you were on a break down south with your family, you did not hesitate to act at once on my behalf, which resulted directly in the desired outcome.
Southern Gold has used 3D modelling of mapped and sampled quartz veining at its Kochang underground mine in South Korea, to generate an exploration target of between 500,000 and 700,000 tonnes with a grade range between 5 and 7g/t gold and 27 - 35g/t silver. The company’s JV partner, Bluebird Ventures, is finalising its feasibility report on the reopening of the historical mine.
×